Child Poverty in Northern Ireland: Results from the Poverty and Social Exclusion Study

Michael Tomlinson, Paddy Hillyard, Grace Kelly

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


- There is general agreement that the measurement of child poverty is based on both low income and deprivation.

- Adjusting incomes for different household types, measuring before or after housing costs, and the selection of deprivation items all have an impact on poverty rates.

- The consensual poverty method, which takes account of what the population considers to be basic necessities, is described. The study found a high level of agreement on the basic necessities for children.

- The study found that only a few children lacked very basic necessities such as three meals a day and adequate clothing, but a third of all children (150,000) were deprived of an annual holiday and 75,000 children are growing up in cold and damp homes.

- Overall, the study found that 24% or 106,000 children are living in low income households and are deprived of four or more items.

- The study found those who had a ‘high experience’ of the conflict were significantly more deprived than those with no conflict experience and that a fifth of all children are living with an adult/s who have ‘high experience’.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBeneath the Surface: Child Poverty in Northern Ireland
Place of PublicationBelfast
PublisherChild Poverty Alliance
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 03 Nov 2014

Bibliographical note

The chapter reviews the targets set out in the Child Poverty Act 2010 and examines where Northern Ireland sits in relation to those targets. Using results from the Living Standards Survey, conducted as part of the Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK project, a new measure of child poverty is proposed based on items that a majority of the population agrees no-one should be deprived of. On this basis, a quarter of children in Northern Ireland are found to be in poverty


  • child poverty
  • deprivation
  • social exclusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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