Childhood adversity profiles and adult psychopathology in a representative Northern Ireland study

Margaret McLafferty*, Cherie Armour, Aine McKenna, Siobhan O'Neill, Sam Murphy, Brendan Bunting

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Childhood adversities are key aetiological factors in the onset and persistence of psychopathology. The aims of this study were to identify childhood adversity profiles, and investigate the relationship between the adversity classes and psychopathology in Northern Ireland. The study utilized data from the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress, an epidemiological survey (N= 1986), which used the CIDI to examine mental health disorders and associated risk factors. Latent Class Analysis revealed 3 distinct typologies; a low risk class (n= 1709; 86%), a poly-adversity class (n= 122; 6.1%), and an economic adversity class (n= 155; 7.8%). Logistic Regression models revealed that individuals in the economic adversity class had a heightened risk of anxiety and substance disorders, with individuals in the poly-adversity class more likely to have a range of mental health problems and suicidality. The findings indicate the importance of considering the impact of co-occurring childhood adversities when planning treatment, prevention, and intervention programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume35
Early online date12 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Childhood adversity
  • Epidemiology
  • Northern Ireland
  • Psychopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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