Chondrogenic Differentiation Alters the Immunosuppressive Property of Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, and the Effect is Partially due to the Upregulated Expression of B7 Molecules

X. Chen, A. McClurg, G.Q. Zhou, Mervyn McCaigue, Marilyn Armstrong, Gang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the immunosuppressive properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), in the present study we examined the immunogenicity of undifferentiated and tri-lineage (chondrocytes, osteoblasts and adipocytes) differentiated rat bone marrow-derived MSCs under xenogeneic conditions. After chondrogenic-differentiation, rat bone marrow-derived MSCs stimulated human peripheral blood monocyte-derived DCs (hDCs), leading to 8- and 4-fold higher lymphocyte proliferation and cytotoxicity than that of undifferentiated MSCs. The Chondrogenic-differentiated MSCs were chemotactic to hDCs in Dunn chamber chemotaxis system and were rosetted by hDCs inrosette assays. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that chondrogenic-differentiated MSCs had promoted hDCs maturation causing higher CD83 expression in hDCs, whereas undifferentiated MSCs, osteogenic-and adipogenic-differentiated MSCs showed inhibitory effect on hDCs maturation. The co-stimulatory molecules B7 were up-regulated only in the chondrogenic-differentiated MSCs. After blocking B7 molecules with specific monoclonal antibodies in the chondrogenic-differentiated MSCs, CD83 expression of co-cultured hDCs was greatly reduced. In conclusion, chondrogenic differentiation may increase the immunogenicity of MSCs, leading to stimulation of DCs. The up-regulated expression of B7 molecules on the chondrogenic differentiated MSCs may be partially responsible for this event.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalStem Cells
Volume25(2)
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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