Chronic PEGylated obestatin treatment prevents the onset of high fat diet-induced hypertension and endothelial dysfunction in the absence of metabolic actions

Kerry Burch, Elaine Cowan, Andrew Agnew, Brian Green, David Grieve

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Obestatin is a gastrointestinal peptide with established metabolic actions and emerging vascular effects which involve activation of NO signalling. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of a recently-characterised stable analogue, PEGylated obestatin (PEG-OB), in the setting of diet-induced obesity which is associated with both metabolic and vascular dysfunction. Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats (6 weeks; n=8) were maintained on standard (SD) or high fat (HF) diet (60% fat) for 8 weeks with once-daily injection of either PEG-OB (50nmol/kg/day) or saline from 2 weeks. Results: HF feeding for 8 weeks resulted in marked body weight gain which was not affected by chronic PEG-OB treatment (HF saline, 175.0±12.2; HF PEG-OB, 190.4±6.4g; P=NS). Similarly, blood glucose, as indicated by HbA1c (HF saline, 6.30±0.15; HF PEG-OB, 6.13±0.36%; P=NS) and insulin tolerance (HF saline, 105.2±52.5; HF PEG-OB, 90.3±45.4mmol/L.min; P=NS), were unaltered by PEG-OB. Despite the apparent lack of metabolic effects, chronic PEG-OB treatment markedly attenuated development of HF-induced hypertension (HF saline, 146.5±4.9mmHg; HF PEG-OB, 123.0±9.7mmHg; P<0.01), assessed by tail-cuff plethysmography. Furthermore, organ bath pharmacology in isolated aortic rings, indicated that HF diet-induced endothelial dysfunction was completely prevented by PEG-OB (acetylcholine, EC50: SD saline, 335±113; HF saline, 758±164; HF PEG-OB, 277±85nmol/L; P<0.05). However, contraction to phenylephrine and relaxation to the NO donor, sodium nitroprusside, were unaltered between groups. Conclusions: PEG-OB exerts beneficial effects on hypertension and endothelial function in diabetes independently of metabolic actions suggesting that obestatin signalling may represent a novel therapeutic target to reduce the risk of associated cardiovascular complications.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 06 Feb 2016
EventScottish Cardiovascular Forum -Annual Conference - Wellcome-Wolfson Research Institute, Belfast, United Kingdom
Duration: 06 Feb 201606 Feb 2016

Conference

ConferenceScottish Cardiovascular Forum -Annual Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBelfast
Period06/02/201606/02/2016

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