Circulating Levels of Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 and Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 Associate With Risk of Colorectal Cancer Based on Serologic and Mendelian Randomization Analyses

Neil Murphy, Robert Carreras-Torres, Mingyang Song, Andrew T Chan, Richard M Martin, Nikos Papadimitriou, Niki Dimou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Barbara Banbury, Kathryn E Bradbury, Jelena Besevic, Sabina Rinaldi, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross, Ruth C Travis, Claudia Agnoli, Demetrius Albanes, Sonja I Berndt, Stéphane Bézieau, D Timothy BishopHermann Brenner, Daniel D Buchanan, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Andrea Burnett-Hartman, Peter T Campbell, Graham Casey, Sergi Castellví-Bel, Jenny Chang-Claude, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Albert de la Chapelle, Dallas English, Jane C Figueiredo, Steven J Gallinger, Graham G Giles, Stephen B Gruber, Andrea Gsur, Jochen Hampe, Heather Hampel, Tabitha A Harrison, Michael Hoffmeister, Li Hsu, Wen-Yi Huang, Jeroen R Huyghe, Mark A Jenkins, Temitope O Keku, Tilman Kühn, Sun-Seog Kweon, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher I Li, Li Li, Annika Lindblom, Vicente Martín, Roger L Milne, Victor Moreno, Polly A Newcomb, Kenneth Offit, Shuji Ogino, Jennifer Ose, Vittorio Perduca, Amanda I Phipps, Elizabeth A Platz, John D Potter, Conghui Qu, Gad Rennert, Lori C Sakoda, Clemens Schafmayer, Robert E Schoen, Martha L Slattery, Catherine M Tangen, Cornelia M Ulrich, Franzel J B van Duijnhoven, Bethany Van Guelpen, Kala Visvanathan, Pavel Vodicka, Ludmila Vodickova, Veronika Vymetalkova, Hansong Wang, Emily White, Alicja Wolk, Michael O Woods, Anna H Wu, Wei Zheng, Ulrike Peters, Marc J Gunter

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Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Human studies examining associations between circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) and colorectal cancer risk have reported inconsistent results. We conducted complementary serologic and Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to determine whether alterations in circulating levels of IGF1 or IGFBP3 are associated with colorectal cancer development.

METHODS: Serum levels of IGF1 were measured in blood samples collected from 397,380 participants from the UK Biobank, from 2006 through 2010. Incident cancer cases and cancer cases recorded first in death certificates were identified through linkage to national cancer and death registries. Complete follow-up was available through March 31, 2016. For the MR analyses, we identified genetic variants associated with circulating levels of IGF1 and IGFBP3. The association of these genetic variants with colorectal cancer was examined with 2-sample MR methods using genome-wide association study consortia data (52,865 cases with colorectal cancer and 46,287 individuals without [controls]) RESULTS: After a median follow-up period of 7.1 years, 2665 cases of colorectal cancer were recorded. In a multivariable-adjusted model, circulating level of IGF1 associated with colorectal cancer risk (hazard ratio per 1 standard deviation increment of IGF1, 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.17). Similar associations were found by sex, follow-up time, and tumor subsite. In the MR analyses, a 1 standard deviation increment in IGF1 level, predicted based on genetic factors, was associated with a higher risk of colorectal cancer risk (odds ratio 1.08; 95% CI 1.03-1.12; P = 3.3 × 10-4). Level of IGFBP3, predicted based on genetic factors, was associated with colorectal cancer risk (odds ratio per 1 standard deviation increment, 1.12; 95% CI 1.06-1.18; P = 4.2 × 10-5). Colorectal cancer risk was associated with only 1 variant in the IGFBP3 gene region (rs11977526), which also associated with anthropometric traits and circulating level of IGF2.

CONCLUSIONS: In an analysis of blood samples from almost 400,000 participants in the UK Biobank, we found an association between circulating level of IGF1 and colorectal cancer. Using genetic data from 52,865 cases with colorectal cancer and 46,287 controls, a higher level of IGF1, determined by genetic factors, was associated with colorectal cancer. Further studies are needed to determine how this signaling pathway might contribute to colorectal carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1300-1312.e20
JournalGastroenterology
Volume158
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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    Murphy, N., Carreras-Torres, R., Song, M., Chan, A. T., Martin, R. M., Papadimitriou, N., Dimou, N., Tsilidis, K. K., Banbury, B., Bradbury, K. E., Besevic, J., Rinaldi, S., Riboli, E., Cross, A. J., Travis, R. C., Agnoli, C., Albanes, D., Berndt, S. I., Bézieau, S., ... Gunter, M. J. (2020). Circulating Levels of Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 and Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 Associate With Risk of Colorectal Cancer Based on Serologic and Mendelian Randomization Analyses. Gastroenterology, 158(5), 1300-1312.e20. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.12.020