Cirsimaritin alleviates dextran sodium sulfate-induced acute colitis in experimental animals: a therapeutic approach for inflammatory bowel disease

Abdelrahim Alqudah, Esam Qnais, Omar Gammoh, Yousra Bseiso, Mohammed Wedyan, Mohammad Alqudah, Taher Hatahet*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disease that affects the entire digestive tract. IBD can be classified as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. The key symptoms of IBD include the emergence of abscesses or pustules, pronounced abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, fistulas, and intestinal narrowing, all of which can greatly affect a patient’s daily well-being. Several factors, including bacterial infections, immune response irregularities, and changes in the intestinal milieu, can contribute to the onset of IBD. The aim of this study was investigating the role of cirsimaritin in reducing the severity of colitis in animal model. To induce colitis in laboratory Swiss albino mice, a 4% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) concoction was provided in their hydration source for a duration of six days. Before the onset of colitis, mice were treated with cirsimaritin (10 mg/kg) once daily to evaluate its potential treatment effects against DSS-induced inflammation. The results showed that 10 mg/kg of cirsimaritin decreased colitis severity (P<0.05). Moreover, cirsimaritin successfully reversed the detrimental effects induced by DSS, including weight reduction, colon truncation, tissue-related damage, increased levels of inflammatory cells in the affected region, and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Our findings suggest that cirsimaritin can effectively alleviate acute colitis triggered by DSS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
JournalPreventive Nutrition and Food Science
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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