Clinical clustering of eight orthostatic haemodynamic patterns in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA)

David Moloney, John O'Connor, Louise Newman, Siobhan Scarlett, Belinda Hernandez, Rose Anne Kenny, Roman Romero-Ortuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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Orthostatic hypotension (OH) can be assessed with non-invasive continuous beat-to-beat haemodynamic monitoring during active stand (AS) testing; this yields large volumes of data outside the scope of the traditional OH definition. We explored clinical associations of different AS patterns in participants from Wave 1 of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. 


AS patterns were generated based on three sequential binary systolic blood pressure features: drop ≥40 mmHg within 10 sec post-stand ("immediate deficit"), failure to return to within 20 mmHg of supine level at 40 sec after standing ("stabilisation deficit") and drop ≥20 mmHg between >40 and 120 sec post-stand ("late deficit"). Eight AS groups resulted from combining the presence/absence of these three features. The groups were cross-sectionally characterised, and their ability to independently predict orthostatic intolerance (OI) during AS, and falls or syncope in the past year, was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression models. 


A total of 4,899 participants were included (mean age 61), of which 3,312 (68%) had no deficits. Older age was associated with stabilisation deficit and late deficits were seen in groups with higher proportions of beta blockers and psychotropic medications. Regression models identified independent associations between OI and three immediate-deficit groups; associations seemed stronger as more deficits were present. There was a significant association between falls history and the three-deficit group (odds ratio 1.54, 95% confidence interval: 1.15-2.07, P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: More deficits seemed associated with the higher risk of OI and falls history. Observations are not causal but the recognition of these patterns may help clinicians focus on careful prescribing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-860
Number of pages7
JournalAge and Ageing
Issue number3
Early online date04 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 05 May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email:

This record is sourced from MEDLINE/PubMed, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


  • active stand
  • falls
  • older people
  • orthostatic hypotension
  • orthostatic intolerance
  • physiologic monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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