Clinician views on actionable processes of care for prolonged stay intensive care patients and families: A descriptive qualitative study

Laura Allum, Natalie Pattison, Bronwen Connolly, Louise Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To explore clinician perspectives on key actionable processes of care that may improve outcomes and experience of patients experiencing a prolonged (over 7 days) intensive care unit stay, and their family members. A descriptive qualitative interview study in the United Kingdom. We conducted online semi-structured interviews using video conferencing software (October 2020-August 2022). We used purposive sampling ensuring participation from a broad range of professions representing the interprofessional team in the United Kingdom. We used Framework Analysis methods to group actionable processes into the six themes of person-centred care. Analyses were informed by our previous scoping review and previous interviews with former patients and family members. We interviewed 24 staff participants and identified 36 actionable processes of care under six themes of person-centred care. Processes relating to communication (both establishing an effective communication method for the patient and staff communication with the patient and family), continuity of staff and care plans, and personalising the environment and routines, and allowing flexible family visiting were most frequently articulated. These processes were perceived as having a multifaceted impact on patient and family wellbeing, for example family visiting helping patient and family emotional wellbeing and staff communication with family; and establishing an effective communication method for patients reduced their anxiety, enhanced their involvement in their care and allowed staff to include them in ward rounds more efficiently. We identified 36 actionable processes of care from interviews with intensive care staff, with an emphasis on enhancing patient autonomy through optimising communication and involvement in decision-making, participation of family, and continuity of staff and care plans. These 36 actionable processes of care will contribute to future development of quality improvement tools, which will be used to standardise the care of prolonged-stay intensive care patients and their families.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103535
JournalIntensive and Critical Care Nursing
Volume80
Early online date04 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Chronic critical illness
  • Patient care planning
  • Artificial respiration
  • Critical care
  • Quality improvement

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