Clinician's gaze behaviour in simulated paediatric emergencies

Ben McNaughten, Caroline Hart, Stephen Gallagher, Carol Junk, Patricia Coulter, Andrew Thompson, Thomas Bourke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: Differences in the gaze behaviour of experts and novices are described in aviation and surgery. This study sought to describe the gaze behaviour of clinicians from different training backgrounds during a simulated paediatric emergency.

METHODS: Clinicians from four clinical areas undertook a simulated emergency. Participants wore SMI (SensoMotoric Instruments) eye tracking glasses. We measured the fixation count and dwell time on predefined areas of interest and the time taken to key clinical interventions.

RESULTS: Paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) consultants performed best and focused longer on the chest and airway. Paediatric consultants and trainees spent longer looking at the defibrillator and algorithm (51 180 ms and 50 551 ms, respectively) than the PICU and paediatric emergency medicine consultants.

CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to describe differences in the gaze behaviour between experts and novices in a resuscitation. They mirror those described in aviation and surgery. Further research is needed to evaluate the potential use of eye tracking as an educational tool.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Early online date07 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 07 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Consultants
Aviation
Pediatric Intensive Care Units
Emergencies
Pediatrics
Defibrillators
Resuscitation
Glass
Thorax
Research

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

McNaughten, Ben ; Hart, Caroline ; Gallagher, Stephen ; Junk, Carol ; Coulter, Patricia ; Thompson, Andrew ; Bourke, Thomas. / Clinician's gaze behaviour in simulated paediatric emergencies. In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2018.
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Clinician's gaze behaviour in simulated paediatric emergencies. / McNaughten, Ben; Hart, Caroline; Gallagher, Stephen; Junk, Carol; Coulter, Patricia; Thompson, Andrew; Bourke, Thomas.

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood, 07.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinician's gaze behaviour in simulated paediatric emergencies

AU - McNaughten, Ben

AU - Hart, Caroline

AU - Gallagher, Stephen

AU - Junk, Carol

AU - Coulter, Patricia

AU - Thompson, Andrew

AU - Bourke, Thomas

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2018/3/7

Y1 - 2018/3/7

N2 - AIM: Differences in the gaze behaviour of experts and novices are described in aviation and surgery. This study sought to describe the gaze behaviour of clinicians from different training backgrounds during a simulated paediatric emergency.METHODS: Clinicians from four clinical areas undertook a simulated emergency. Participants wore SMI (SensoMotoric Instruments) eye tracking glasses. We measured the fixation count and dwell time on predefined areas of interest and the time taken to key clinical interventions.RESULTS: Paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) consultants performed best and focused longer on the chest and airway. Paediatric consultants and trainees spent longer looking at the defibrillator and algorithm (51 180 ms and 50 551 ms, respectively) than the PICU and paediatric emergency medicine consultants.CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to describe differences in the gaze behaviour between experts and novices in a resuscitation. They mirror those described in aviation and surgery. Further research is needed to evaluate the potential use of eye tracking as an educational tool.

AB - AIM: Differences in the gaze behaviour of experts and novices are described in aviation and surgery. This study sought to describe the gaze behaviour of clinicians from different training backgrounds during a simulated paediatric emergency.METHODS: Clinicians from four clinical areas undertook a simulated emergency. Participants wore SMI (SensoMotoric Instruments) eye tracking glasses. We measured the fixation count and dwell time on predefined areas of interest and the time taken to key clinical interventions.RESULTS: Paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) consultants performed best and focused longer on the chest and airway. Paediatric consultants and trainees spent longer looking at the defibrillator and algorithm (51 180 ms and 50 551 ms, respectively) than the PICU and paediatric emergency medicine consultants.CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to describe differences in the gaze behaviour between experts and novices in a resuscitation. They mirror those described in aviation and surgery. Further research is needed to evaluate the potential use of eye tracking as an educational tool.

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