Nine bradykinin-related peptides were identified in Phyllomedusa sauvagei skin secretion using QTOF MS/MS fragmentation sequencing. The major peptides were (Thr6)-bradykinin, (Hyp3, Thr6)-bradykinin, (Thr6)-phyllokinin and (Hyp3, Thr6)-phyllokinin. The phyllokinins occurred in both sulfated and non-sulfated forms. All (Thr6)-substituted bradykinins/phyllokinins could be generated from a common precursor by differential post-translational processing and modification. The open-reading frame of the cloned precursor cDNA consisted of 62 amino acid residues with a single bradykinin/phyllokinin coding sequence located at the C-terminus. Structural features included a Glu-Arg processing site at the N-terminus of the bradykinin/phyllokinin domain and the absence of an acidic amino acid residue adjacent to the C-terminal Tyr residue in the phyllokinins. However, the neutral amino acid residue (Ile) at position -1 and the basic amino acid residue (Arg) at position -2 from the Tyr residue, constitute a sulfation motif previously identified only in a protochordean.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience