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### Abstract

Let $(X,\mu)$ and $(Y,\nu)$ be standard measure spaces. A function $\nph\in L^\infty(X\times Y,\mu\times\nu)$ is called a (measurable) Schur multiplier if the map $S_\nph$, defined on the space of Hilbert-Schmidt operators from $L_2(X,\mu)$ to $L_2(Y,\nu)$ by multiplying their integral kernels by $\nph$, is bound-ed in the operator norm.
The paper studies measurable functions $\nph$ for which $S_\nph$ is closable in the norm topology or in the weak* topology. We obtain a characterisation of w*-closable multipliers and relate the question about
norm closability to the theory of operator synthesis.
We also study multipliers of two special types:
if $\nph$ is of Toeplitz type, that is, if $\nph(x,y)=f(x-y)$, $x,y\in G$, where $G$ is a locally compact abelian group, then the closability of $\nph$ is related to the local inclusion of $f$ in the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ of $G$. If $\nph$ is a divided difference, that is, a function of the form $(f(x)-f(y))/(x-y)$, then its closability is related to the ``operator smoothness'' of the function $f$. A number of examples of non closable, norm closable and w*-closable multipliers are presented.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 29-62 |

Number of pages | 34 |

Journal | Integral Equations and Operator Theory |

Volume | 69 |

Publication status | Published - 2011 |

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## Cite this

Shulman, V. S., Todorov, I., & Turowska, L. (2011). Closable multipliers.

*Integral Equations and Operator Theory*,*69*, 29-62.