Closed circuit rebreathing to achieve inert gas wash-in for multiple breath wash-out

Alex R. Horsley, Katherine O'Neill, Damian G. Downey, J. Stuart Elborn, Nicholas J. Bell, Jaclyn Smith, John Owers-Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
338 Downloads (Pure)


Multiple breath wash-out (MBW) testing requires prior wash-in of inert tracer gas. Wash-in efficiency can be enhanced by a rebreathing tracer in a closed circuit. Previous attempts to deploy this did not account for the impact of CO2 accumulation on patients and were unsuccessful. We hypothesised that an effective rebreathe wash-in could be delivered and it would not alter wash-out parameters. Computer modelling was used to assess the impact of the rebreathe method on wash-in efficiency. Clinical testing of open and closed circuit wash-in–wash-out was performed in healthy controls and adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) using a circuit with an effective CO2 scrubber and a refined wash-in protocol. Wash-in efficiency was enhanced by rebreathing. There was no difference in mean lung clearance index between the two wash-in methods for controls (6.5 versus 6.4; p=0.2, n=12) or patients with CF (10.9 versus 10.8; p=0.2, n=19). Test time was reduced by rebreathe wash-in (156 versus 230 s for CF patients, p<0.001) and both methods were well tolerated. End wash-in CO2 was maintained below 2% in most cases. Rebreathe–wash-in is a promising development that, when correctly deployed, reduces wash-in time and facilitates portable MBW testing. For mild CF, wash-out outcomes are equivalent to an open circuit.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalERJ Open Research
Issue number1
Early online date22 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 09 Feb 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Closed circuit rebreathing to achieve inert gas wash-in for multiple breath wash-out'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this