In 1972, Archie Cochrane wrote “It is surely a great criticism of our profession that we have not organised a critical summary, by specialty or subspecialty, adapted periodically, of all relevant randomised controlled trials”. The Cochrane Collaboration arose in response to Archie Cochrane’s challenge. Cochrane Eyes and Vision aims to prepare and promote access to systematic reviews of interventions for preventing or treating eye conditions and/or visual impairment, and helping people adjust to visual impairment or blindness. To identify all relevant randomised controlled trials, Cochrane Eyes and Vision has a team of information specialists who develop search strategies to identify studies for inclusion in Cochrane reviews. Since 1997 we have published 266 protocols, 193 new reviews and 158 updated reviews. The majority of these are reviews of intervention effectiveness; three reviews are diagnostic test accuracy reviews. Overall 18% of reviews contain no trials, highlighting a potential evidence gap. We provide training, education and guidance to systematic review authors and work with clinical and patient partners to prioritise and disseminate reviews. In addition, Cochrane Eyes and Vision US satellite carries out critical methodologic research addressing topics relevant to producing high-quality reviews. We are partnering with the journal Eye to publish commentaries on selected Cochrane systematic review findings. This partnership will allow us to make high-quality evidence available to ophthalmologists and other practitioners, researchers, policy makers and patients.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Cochrane Eyes and Vision identifies the evidence, provides training and education to people who undertake systematic reviews (the clinical community and others), provides guidance to authors undertaking systematic reviews, and works with clinical and patient partners to prioritise and disseminate reviews. The editorial base for the group is located at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) in the UK and is funded by the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). The UK editorial base is responsible for the publication of Eyes and Vision reviews in The Cochrane Library.
The group has two satellites. The Cochrane Eyes and Vision US satellite, located at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland, has been funded by the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health since 2002. The overall objective of the US satellite is to develop a critical mass of US-based vision researchers and practitioners who are trained in preparing and using systematic reviews as part of Cochrane Eyes and Vision. In addition to identifying the evidence, and
Funding Cochrane Eyes and Vision is funded by a Cochrane Infrastructure Grant from the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR). Cochrane Eyes and Vision US satellite is funded by NIH grant UG1EY020522 (PI: Tianjing Li, MD, MHS, PhD). Richard Wormald is funded by financial support from the Department of Health through the award made by the NIHR to Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology for a Specialist Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the funders.
© 2019, The Royal College of Ophthalmologists.
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems