Cognition, metacognition and patient safety

Ian K. Walsh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article explores the factors that contribute to patient safety incidents. It highlights the importance of human factors in influencing the clinician's performance. Rather than focusing on clinical skills, the article explores the range of non-technical skills which are seen to each contribute to patient safety, including: communication, teamworking, leadership, active followership, situational awareness, decision-making, assertiveness, and workload management. It asks how cognitive processes can influence safe decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-481
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Healthcare Management
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Cognition
  • Communication
  • Decision-making
  • Metacognition
  • Patient safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy


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