Combined thermal and particle shape effects on powder spreading in additive manufacturing via discrete element simulations

Sudeshna Roy, Hongyi Xiao, Vasileios Angelidakis, Thorsten Pöschel

Research output: Working paper

5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The thermal and mechanical behaviors of powders are important for various additive manufacturing technologies. For powder bed fusion, capturing the temperature profile and the packing structure of the powders prior to melting is challenging due to both the various pathways of heat transfer and the complicated properties of powder system. Furthermore, these two effects can be coupled due to the temperature dependence of particle properties. This study addresses this challenge using a discrete element model that simulates non-spherical particles with thermal properties in powder spreading. Thermal conduction and radiation are introduced to a multi-sphere particle formulation for capturing the heat transfer among irregular-shaped powders, which have temperature-dependent elastic properties. The model is utilized to simulate the spreading of pre-heated PA12 powder through a hot substrate representing the part under manufacturing. Differences in the temperature profiles were found in the spreading cases with different particle shapes, spreading speed, and temperature dependence of the elastic moduli. The temperature of particles below the spreading blade is found to be dependent on the kinematics of the heap of particles in front, which eventually is influenced by the temperature-dependent properties of the particles.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

19 pages, 12 figures

Keywords

  • cond-mat.soft

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