Cometary science with CUBES

Cyrielle Opitom*, Colin Snodgrass, Fiorangela La Forgia, Chris Evans, Pamela Cambianica, Gabriele Cremonese, Alan Fitzsimmons, Monica Lazzarin, Alessandra Migliorini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The proposed CUBES spectrograph for ESO’s Very Large Telescope will be an exceptionally powerful instrument for the study of comets. The gas coma of a comet contains a large number of emission features in the near-UV range covered by CUBES (305-400 nm), which are diagnostic of the composition of the ices in its nucleus and the chemistry in the coma. Production rates and relative ratios between different species reveal how much ice is present and inform models of the conditions in the early solar system. In particular, CUBES will lead to advances in detection of water from very faint comets, revealing how much ice may be hidden in the main asteroid belt, and in measuring isotopic and molecular composition ratios in a much wider range of comets than currently possible, provide constraints on their formation temperatures. CUBES will also be sensitive to emissions from gaseous metals (e.g., FeI and NiI), which have recently been identified in comets and offer an entirely new area of investigation to understand these enigmatic objects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Early online date13 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 13 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Comets
  • Spectroscopy
  • Ultraviolet observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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