Community mobilization, participation, and blood pressure status in a Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program in Ontario

Tina Karwalajtys, Janusz Kaczorowski, Larry W Chambers, Heather Hall, Beatrice McDonough, Lisa Dolovich, Rolf J Sebaldt, Lynne Lohfeld, Brian Hutchison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of a community-wide approach integrated with primary care (Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program [CHAP]) to promote monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and awareness of cardiovascular disease risk.

DESIGN: Demonstration project.

SETTING: Two midsized Ontario communities.

PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling seniors.

INTERVENTION: CHAP sessions were offered in pharmacies and promoted to seniors using advertising and personalized letters from physicians. Trained volunteers measured BP, completed risk profiles, and provided risk-specific education materials.

METHOD: We examined the distribution of risk factors among participants and predictors of multiple visits and elevated BP.

RESULTS: Opinion leaders aided recruitment of family physicians (n  =  56/63) and pharmacists (n  =  18/19). Over 90 volunteers were recruited. Invitations were mailed to 4394 seniors. Over 10 weeks, there were 4165 assessments of 2350 unique participants (approximately 30% of senior residents). 37.5% of attendees had untreated (16%; 360/2247) or uncontrolled (21.5%; 482/2247) high BP. Participants who received a letter (odds ratio [OR] 2.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.1-3.0), had an initial elevated BP (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.0-1.5), or reported current antihypertensive medication (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.6) were more likely to attend multiple sessions (p ≤ .05 for all). Older age (≥ 70 years; OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.8), BMI ≥ 30 (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.4-2.2), current antihypertensive medication (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.3-1.9), and diabetes (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.9-3.2) predicted elevated BP (p < .001 for all).

CONCLUSION: The program yielded learning about community mobilization and identified a substantial number of seniors with undiagnosed/uncontrolled high BP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-61
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 02 Mar 2013


  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Community Networks
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Hypertension
  • Male
  • Ontario
  • Pilot Projects
  • Risk Factors
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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