Community Sanctions and Measures

Nicola Carr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
342 Downloads (Pure)


This chapter explores the use of community sanctions in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland. It locates this discussion within a wider international landscape, where the numbers of people subject to supervision in the community has risen markedly. It explores some of the reasons for this growth alongside the rationalities that are deployed to promote the use of community sanctions over time. The differing trajectories of the two jurisdictions in respect of the evolution and use of community sanctions are explored, as are some of the factors that explain areas of divergence and commonality. The chapter concludes by critically considering penal reductionism as a point of policy convergence in the two jurisdictions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology
EditorsDeirdre Healy, Claire Hamilton, Yvonne Daly, Michelle Butler
Place of PublicationAbingdon
Number of pages42
ISBN (Print)978-1-13-801943-0
Publication statusPublished - 03 Dec 2015


  • Criminology
  • Community Sanctions
  • Probation


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