COMP-Ang1 Stabilizes Hyperglycemic Disruption of Blood-Retinal Barrier Phenotype in Human Retinal Microvascular Endothelial Cells

Keith D Rochfort, Lara S Carroll, Peter Barabas, Timothy M Curtis, Balamurali K Ambati, Niall Barron, Philip M Cummins

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Abstract

Purpose: Current treatments for diabetic retinopathy (DR) have considerable limitations, underpinning the need for new therapeutic options. In this article, the ability of an engineered angiopoietin-1 variant (COMP-Ang1) to ameliorate the injurious effects of hyperglycemia on barrier integrity in a human retinal microvascular endothelial cell (HRMvEC) model is comprehensively investigated.

Methods: Confluent HRMvECs were treated (0-72 hours) with d-glucose (5 or 30 mM) in the absence and presence of COMP-Ang1 (10-200 ng/mL). l-glucose (30 mM) was used as osmotic control. Posttreatment, intact cell monolayers were monitored for permeability to FITC-dextran 40 kDa. Cells were also harvested for analysis of interendothelial junction targets by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The impact of receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2 gene silencing on COMP-Ang1 efficacy was also evaluated.

Results: Treatment with 30 mM d-glucose (but not l-glucose) demonstrated a time-dependent elevation in the mean rate of FITC-dextran diffusion across intact HRMvEC monolayers, in parallel with significant reductions in mRNA/protein levels of occludin, claudin-5, ZO-1, and VE-Cadherin. These effects were all attenuated by COMP-Ang1 in a concentration-dependent fashion, with 200 ng/mL recovering barrier function by ∼88%, and recovering reduced interendothelial junction protein levels by more than 50%. Finally, Tie2 knockdown by small interfering RNA silencing blocked the ability of COMP-Ang1 to mitigate against hyperglycemia-induced permeabilization of HRMvECs and depletion of junctional expression levels.

Conclusions: In summary, this article presents a reproducible in vitro cell study that quantifies the concentration-dependent efficacy of COMP-Ang1 to mitigate the injurious effects of hyperglycemic challenge on HRMvEC barrier properties via Tie2-mediated signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3547-3555
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume60
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2019

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