Comparative feeding rates of native and invasive ascidians

Tedi Hoxha, Steve Crookes, Christoph Lejeusne, Jaimie T.A. Dick, Xuexiu Chang, Sarah Bouchemousse, Ross N. Cuthbert, Hugh J. MacIsaac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
86 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Ascidians have a recent history of species introductions globally, often with strong ecological impacts. Comparisons of per capita effects of invaders and comparable natives are useful to assess such impacts. Here, we explore ingestion rates (IR) and clearance rates (CR) of Ciona intestinalis and Ciona robusta, co-occurring native and non-native ascidians, respectively, from Brittany, France. IR was positively related to food concentration, with the invader responding more strongly to increasing food concentration. CR also differed by species, with the invader demonstrating higher values. C. robusta exhibited a higher functional response (Type I) than did C. intestinalis (Type II). Relative impact measured using seasonal abundance and IR revealed that C. robusta has a much greater impact than C. intestinalis at all food concentrations tested, though the former has a constrained distribution which limits its regional impact. Nevertheless, when abundant, we expect C. robusta to exert a greater impact on algal foods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1071
Number of pages5
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume135
Early online date24 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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