Comparisons of 2D fluid simulations with experimental measurements of Ar/Cl-2 plasmas in a low-pressure inductively coupled reactor are reported. Simulations show that the wall recombination coefficient of Cl atom (gamma) is a crucial parameter of the model and that neutral densities are very sensitive to its variations. The best agreement between model and experiment is obtained for gamma = 0.02, which is much lower than the value predicted for stainless steel walls (gamma = 0.6). This is consistent with reactor wall contaminations classically observed in such discharges. The electron density, negative ion fraction and Cl atom density have been investigated under various conditions of chlorine and argon concentrations, gas pressure and applied rf input power. The plasma electronegativity decreases with rf power and increases with chlorine concentration. At high pressure, the power absorption and distribution of charged particles become more localized below the quartz window. Although the experimental trends are well reproduced by the simulations, the calculated charged particle densities are systematically overestimated by a factor of 3-5. The reasons for this discrepancy are discussed in the paper.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films