Comparison between proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry and near infrared spectroscopy for the authentication of Brazilian coffee: A preliminary chemometric study

Pablo Inocêncio Monteiro, Jânio Sousa Santos, Vitor Rafael Alvarenga Brizola, Carolina Turnes Pasini Deolindo, Alex Koot, Rita Boerrigter-Eenling, Saskia van Ruth, Konstantia Georgouli, Anastasios Koidis, Daniel Granato*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
135 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this study, proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were compared for the authentication of geographical and farming system origins of Brazilian coffees. For this purpose, n = 19 organic (ORG) and n = 26 conventional (CONV) coffees from distinct producing regions were analyzed. Overall, differences (p ≤ 0.05) in 44 and 71 ion intensities were observed between the main producing regions and farming systems, respectively. Principal component analysis was not effective in illustrating differences between the coffees according to the farming system or geographical origin using neither PTR-MS nor NIRS data. However, when the PLS-DA was applied, which produced the best performing models compared to several other chemometric techniques, the farming system was adroitly differentiated. The fact that the classification performance (>80%) was independent of the data acquisition method used gives NIRS an edge over PTR-MS in the differentiation of the farming system because of its rapid analysis and cost. Differentiating geographic location of coffee was rather complex. The PTR-MS calibration models showed slightly better PLS-DA classification rates compared to the NIRS models (69% vs. 61%, respectively), which is even more evident when the alternative classifier is used (LDA-kNN, 69% vs. 39%, respectively). Coffee samples from either Minas Gerais (MG) or Sao Paulo (SP) were differentiated from the other regions. In conclusion, our study provides information on alternative rapid analysis coupled with chemometric techniques to differentiate the farming system and trace the geographical provenance of Brazilian specialty coffee.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-283
Number of pages8
JournalFood Control
Volume91
Early online date10 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Authenticity
  • Chemometrics
  • Organic farming
  • PTR-MS
  • Specialty coffee
  • Spectroscopic methods
  • Volatile organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison between proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry and near infrared spectroscopy for the authentication of Brazilian coffee: A preliminary chemometric study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Monteiro, P. I., Santos, J. S., Alvarenga Brizola, V. R., Pasini Deolindo, C. T., Koot, A., Boerrigter-Eenling, R., van Ruth, S., Georgouli, K., Koidis, A., & Granato, D. (2018). Comparison between proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry and near infrared spectroscopy for the authentication of Brazilian coffee: A preliminary chemometric study. Food Control, 91, 276-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2018.04.009