COMPARISON OF THE GROWTH INHIBITORY AND BACTERIOCIDAL EFFECTS OF TAUROLIDINE AND TAURULTAM ON A CLINICAL ISOLATE OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI

David Jones, S.P. Gorman, D.F. Mccafferty, A.D. Woolfson

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Abstract

To investigate the mode of action of Taurolin, an antimicrobial preparation, the growth inhibitory and bacteriocidal effects of taurolidine and taurultam solutions on Escherichia coli isolated from a diagnosed urinary tract infection were examined at 37-degrees-C. The inhibitory effects of taurolidine solutions were observed to be greater than those of taurultam solutions at comparative concentrations; however, the presence of sublethal concentrations of formaldehyde (methylene glycol) associated with taurolidine was sufficient to account for this. The bacteriocidal activity of taurolidine (2.0% w/v) was greater than that of taurultam (4.5% w/v). Both compounds produced biphasic death rates with dissimilar initial slopes, suggested to be due to the presence of formaldehyde in taurolidine solutions. These observations indicate that the growth inhibitory and bacteriocidal effects of Taurolin solutions are primarily due to taurultam, however, the presence of sublethal concentrations of formaldehyde is significant in the expression of this activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-9
Number of pages5
JournalLetters in Applied Microbiology
Volume14
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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