Competition between protons and substrate for binding to the major facilitator superfamily multidrug/H+ antiporter MdtM

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Abstract

Proton electrochemical gradient-driven multidrug efflux activity of representatives of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) of secondary active transporters contributes to antimicrobial resistance of pathogenic bacteria. Integral to the mechanism of these transporters is a proposed competition between substrate and protons for the binding site of the protein. The current work investigated the competition between protons and antimicrobial substrate for binding to the Escherichia coli MFS multidrug/H+ antiporter MdtM by measuring the quench of intrinsic protein fluorescence upon titration of substrate tetraphenylphosphonium into a solution of purified MdtM over a range of pH values between pH 8.8 and 5.9. The results, which revealed that protons inhibit binding of substrate to MdtM in a competitive manner, are consistent with those reported in a study on the related MFS multidrug/H+ antiporter MdfA and provide further evidence that competition for binding between substrate and protons is a general feature of secondary multidrug efflux.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere34
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Results
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2021

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