Components of Shame and Eating Disturbance among Clinical and Non-Clinical Populations

Jackie Doran, Christopher Alan Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between components of shame (characterological, behavioural and bodily) and eating disturbance.

METHOD: This was a cross sectional study of 859 female and 256 male participants from the general population [non-clinical (NCP)] and 167 female participants from an eating disordered population [clinical (CP)] completing the Experience of Shame Scale. The NCP samples also completed the Eating Attitudes Test-26, and the CP samples completed the Eating Disorder Risk Composite of the Eating Disorder Inventory-3. Participants were recruited via schools/colleges, eating disorder charities and the Internet.

RESULTS: Bodily and characterological shame were independently predictive of eating disturbance in female NCP samples (both, p?<?.001); bodily shame was uniquely predictive of eating disturbance for the male NCP (p?<?.05) and female CP samples (p?<?.001).

CONCLUSION: The aetiology of eating disturbance may be different for male and female NCP samples. The male NCP and the female CP samples displayed a similar pathway to eating disturbance. It is important to acknowledge the different components of shame associated with eating disturbance in different populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-270
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Eating Disorders Review
Volume20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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