Concern over health effects of air pollution is associated to NO 2 in seven european cities

Evi Dons*, Michelle Laeremans, Esther Anaya-Boig, Ione Avila-Palencia, Christian Brand, Audrey de Nazelle, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Thomas Götschi, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Elisabeth Raser, Arnout Standaert, Luc Int Panis, PASTA Consortium

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subjective perception of air pollution is important and can have impacts on health in its own rights, can lead to protective behaviour, or it can be leveraged to engage citizens and stakeholders in support of cleaner air policies. The aim of the current analysis was to examine associations between level of concern over health effects of air pollution and personal and environmental factors. In seven European cities, 7622 adult participants were recruited to complete an online questionnaire on travel and physical activity behaviour, perceptions and attitudes on active mobility and the environment, and sociodemographics. Air pollution at the home address was determined using Europe-wide PM 2.5 and NO 2 land use regression models. Mixed effects logistic regression was used to model concern over air pollution (worried versus not worried; city as random effect). Fifty-eight percent of participants were worried over health effects of air pollution with large differences across cities (Antwerp 78%, Barcelona 81%, London 64%, Orebro 11%, Rome 72%, Vienna 43%, Zurich 33%). Linking mean modelled air pollution to mean level of concern per city gave a good correlation for NO 2 (r 2 = 0.75), and a lower correlation for PM 2.5 (r 2 =0.49). In the regression model, sex, having children in the household, levels of physical activity, and NO 2 at the home address were significantly linked to individual concern over health effects of air pollution. We found that NO 2 but not PM 2.5 at the home address was associated with concern over health effects of air pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-599
Number of pages9
JournalAir Quality, Atmosphere and Health
Volume11
Issue number5
Early online date28 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The authors led the study on behalf of the PASTA consortium funded by the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission (grant agreement 602624). Evi Dons is supported by a postdoctoral scholarship from FWO—Research Foundation Flanders. Michelle Laeremans holds a joint PASTA/VITO PhD scholarship. List of PASTA investigators is as follows: A. Ambros, E. Anaya, I. Avila-Palencia, F. Benvenuti, F. Boschetti, C. Brand, J. Buekers, L. Carniel, G. Carrasco-Turigas, A. Castro, A. Clark, T. Cole-Hunter, A. de Nazelle, E. Dons, U. Eriksson, H. Franzen, M. Gaupp-Berghausen, R. Gerike, R. Girmenia, T. Götschi, F. Hartmann, I. Horvath, F. Iacorossi, L. Int Panis, S. Kahlmeier, M. Laeremans, N. Mueller, M. Nieuwenhuijsen, A. Nilsson, F. Nussio, J.P. Orjuela, F. Racioppi, E. Raser, D. Rojas-Rueda, C. Rothballer, J. Sanchez, R. Schuthof, C. Schweizer, A. Standaert, E. Stigell, N. Tabari, T. Uhlmann, S. Wegener, and V. Zeuschner. Additional files: The full questionnaire of the PASTA longitudinal survey is available from: http://pastaproject.eu/fileadmin/editor-upload/sitecontent/City_survey/PASTA-questionnaires.pdf.

Funding Information:
The authors led the study on behalf of the PASTA consortium funded by the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission (grant agreement 602624). Evi Dons is supported by a postdoctoral scholarship from FWO?Research Foundation Flanders. Michelle Laeremans holds a joint PASTA/VITO PhD scholarship. List of PASTA investigators is as follows: A. Ambros, E. Anaya, I. Avila-Palencia, F. Benvenuti, F. Boschetti, C. Brand, J. Buekers, L. Carniel, G. Carrasco-Turigas, A. Castro, A. Clark, T. Cole-Hunter, A. de Nazelle, E. Dons, U. Eriksson, H. Franzen, M. Gaupp-Berghausen, R. Gerike, R. Girmenia, T. G?tschi, F. Hartmann, I. Horvath, F. Iacorossi, L. Int Panis, S. Kahlmeier, M. Laeremans, N. Mueller, M. Nieuwenhuijsen, A. Nilsson, F. Nussio, J.P. Orjuela, F. Racioppi, E. Raser, D. Rojas-Rueda, C. Rothballer, J. Sanchez, R. Schuthof, C. Schweizer, A. Standaert, E. Stigell, N. Tabari, T. Uhlmann, S. Wegener, and V. Zeuschner. Additional files: The full questionnaire of the PASTA longitudinal survey is available from: http://pastaproject.eu/fileadmin/editor-upload/sitecontent/City_survey/PASTA-questionnaires.pdf.

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018.

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Annoyance
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Particulate matter
  • Risk perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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