Considerations for optimization of microRNA PCR assays for molecular diagnosis

Margaret Dellett, David Arthur Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)
610 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The remarkable stability of microRNAs in biofluids underlies their potential as biomarkers, but their small size presents challenges for detection by RT-qPCR. The heterogeneity of microRNAs, with each one comprising a series of variants or 'isomiRs', adds additional complexity. Presented here are the key considerations for use of RT-qPCR to measure microRNAs and their isomiRs, with a focus on plasma. Modified nucleotides can be incorporated into primer sequences to enhance affinity and provide increased specificity and sensitivity for RT-qPCR assays. Approaches based upon polyA tailing and use of a common oligo(dT)-based reverse transcription oligonucleotide will detect most isomiRs. Conversely, stem-loop RT oligonucleotides and sequence specific probes can enable detection of specific isomiRs of interest. Next generation sequencing of all the products of a microRNA RT-PCR reaction is a promising new approach for both microRNA quantification and characterization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExpert review of molecular diagnostics
Early online date08 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 08 Feb 2016

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