Cancer cells depend on chemotaxis for invasion and frequently overexpress and/or activate Src. We previously reported that v-Src accelerates motility by promoting phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) signalling but abrogates chemotaxis. We here addressed the mechanism of the loss of chemotactic response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) gradients in fibroblasts harbouring a thermosensitive v-Src kinase. At non-permissive temperature, PDGF receptor (PDGFR) signalling, assessed by phosphoY(751)-specific antibodies (a docking site for PI3-K), was not detected without PDGF and showed a concentration-dependent PDGF response. Both immunolabeling of PI3-K (p110) and live cell imaging of its product (phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 tris-phosphate) showed PI3-K recruitment and activation at lamellipodia polarized towards a PDGF gradient. Centrosomes and PDGFR- and Src-bearing endosomes were also oriented towards this gradient. Upon v-Src thermoactivation, (i) Y(751) phosphorylation was moderately induced without PDGF and synergistically increased with PDGF; (ii) PI3-K was recruited and activated all along the plasma membrane without PDGF and did not polarize in response to a PDGF gradient; and (iii) polarization of centrosomes and of PDGFR-bearing endosomes were also abrogated. Thus, PDGF can further increase PDGFR auto-phosphorylation despite strong Src kinase activity, but diffuse downstream activation of PI3-K by Src abrogates cell polarization and chemotaxis: "signalling requires silence".
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology