Norms constitute a powerful coordination mechanism among heterogeneous agents. In this paper, we propose a rule language to specify and explicitly manage the normative positions of agents (permissions, prohibitions and obligations), with which distinct deontic notions and their relationships can be captured. Our rule-based formalism includes constraints for more expressiveness and precision and allows to supplement (and implement) electronic institutions with norms. We also show how some normative aspects are given computational interpretation.
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García-Camino, A., Rodríguez-Aguilar, J. A., Sierra, C., & Vasconcelos, W. (2009). Constraint rule-based programming of norms for electronic institutions. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, 18(1), 186-217. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10458-008-9059-4