Consumers’ perceptions and willingness to purchase pork labelled ‘raised without antibiotics’

Hollie Bradford*, Claire McKernan, Chris Elliott, Moira Dean

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


As a recent addition to the UK market, it is unknown how ‘raised without antibiotics’ labelled products are perceived or how they influence consumer food choice. Understanding consumers' perceptions towards the ‘raised without antibiotics’ label can determine knowledge of the label and what drives them to purchase products raised without antibiotics. Subsequently, using an online questionnaire with 1000 participants aged 18–92 years old, this study explored UK consumers' perceptions and willingness to buy ‘raised without antibiotics’ labelled pork, and examined their knowledge of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance (AMR1). Cross-sectional data were collected investigating consumer perceptions and willingness to purchase ‘raised without antibiotics’ labelled pork and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted. Respondents had high levels of knowledge towards EU regulations however, their awareness of AMR was limited. Behavioural beliefs concerning animal welfare and product quality were the main predictors of consumers' willingness to buy ‘raised without antibiotics’ labelled pork, followed by pork purchasing habits based on animal welfare qualities. Additionally, consumers who were more concerned that AMR would personally affect them, as well as those who favoured antimicrobial use for the preservation of animal welfare were willing to buy this product. Perceptions towards animal antimicrobial use acceptance, beliefs that ‘raised without antibiotics’ labelled pork is expensive, and a lack of consideration for extrinsic qualities when purchasing pork i.e., appearance, had a negative influence on willingness to buy. Moderate perceptions towards ‘raised without antibiotics’ labelled pork, lack of knowledge of agricultural antimicrobial use, and the subsequent confusion surrounding this label suggests that it is necessary to explore other labelling options to provide consumers with the information they desire while also safeguarding animal welfare.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105900
Early online date27 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2022


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