The complexity of modern SCADA networks and their associated cyber-attacks requires an expressive but flexible manner for representing both domain knowledge and collected intrusion alerts with the ability to integrate them for enhanced analytical capabilities and better understanding of attacks. This paper proposes an ontology-based approach for contextualized intrusion alerts in SCADA networks. In this approach, three security ontologies were developed to represent and store information on intrusion alerts, Modbus communications, and Modbus attack descriptions. This information is correlated into enriched intrusion alerts using simple ontology logic rules written in Semantic Query-Enhanced Web Rules (SQWRL). The contextualized alerts give analysts the means to better understand evolving attacks and to uncover the semantic relationships between sequences of individual attack events. The proposed system is illustrated by two use case scenarios.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Feb 2016|
|Event||2nd International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy - Barceló Aran Mantegna Hotel, Rome, Italy|
Duration: 19 Jan 2016 → 21 Feb 2016
|Conference||2nd International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy|
|Period||19/01/2016 → 21/02/2016|