Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups

E. Owe, V.L. Vignoles, M. Becker, R. Brown, P.B. Smith, S.W. Lee, M. Easterbrook, T. Gadre, X. Zhang, Mirona Gheorghiu, P. Baguma, A. Tatarko, S. Aldhafri, M. Zinkeng, S.J. Schwartz, Y. Shneyderman, J. Villamar, K.H. Mekonnen, C. Regalia, C. ManziM. Brambilla, E. Caglar, A. Gavriliuc, M. Martin, Z. Jianxin, S. Lv, R. Fischer, T. Milfont, A. Torres, L. Camino, R. Kreuzbauer, N. Gausel, J. Buitendach, F. Lemos, I. Fritsche, B. Moller, C. Harb, A. Valk, A. Espinosa, J.L. Jaafar, M. Yuki, M.C. Ferreira, P. Chobthamkit, M. Fulop, A. Chybicka, Q. Wang, M.H. Bond, R. Gonzalez, N. Didier, D. Carrasco, M.P. Cadena, S. Lay, R. Gardarsdottir, G. Nizharadze, T. Pyszczynski, P. Kesebir, G. Herman, D. Bourguignon, I. De Sauvage, E. Ozgen, U.E. Guner, N. Yamakoglu, S. Abuhamdeh, M. Macapagal, S.H. Koller, B. Amponsah, G. Misra, P. Kapur, E.V. Trujillo, P. Balanta, B.C. Ayala, I.S. Gallo, P.P. Gill, R.L. Clemares, G. Campara, B. Jalal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 7,623), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 34 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations, and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-45
JournalJournal of Cross-cultural Psychology
Volume44
Issue number1
Early online date31 Jan 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Personhood
collectivism
individualism
Group
Psychometrics
outgroup
psychometrics
corruption
Values
Research

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Owe, E. ; Vignoles, V.L. ; Becker, M. ; Brown, R. ; Smith, P.B. ; Lee, S.W. ; Easterbrook, M. ; Gadre, T. ; Zhang, X. ; Gheorghiu, Mirona ; Baguma, P. ; Tatarko, A. ; Aldhafri, S. ; Zinkeng, M. ; Schwartz, S.J. ; Shneyderman, Y. ; Villamar, J. ; Mekonnen, K.H. ; Regalia, C. ; Manzi, C. ; Brambilla, M. ; Caglar, E. ; Gavriliuc, A. ; Martin, M. ; Jianxin, Z. ; Lv, S. ; Fischer, R. ; Milfont, T. ; Torres, A. ; Camino, L. ; Kreuzbauer, R. ; Gausel, N. ; Buitendach, J. ; Lemos, F. ; Fritsche, I. ; Moller, B. ; Harb, C. ; Valk, A. ; Espinosa, A. ; Jaafar, J.L. ; Yuki, M. ; Ferreira, M.C. ; Chobthamkit, P. ; Fulop, M. ; Chybicka, A. ; Wang, Q. ; Bond, M.H. ; Gonzalez, R. ; Didier, N. ; Carrasco, D. ; Cadena, M.P. ; Lay, S. ; Gardarsdottir, R. ; Nizharadze, G. ; Pyszczynski, T. ; Kesebir, P. ; Herman, G. ; Bourguignon, D. ; De Sauvage, I. ; Ozgen, E. ; Guner, U.E. ; Yamakoglu, N. ; Abuhamdeh, S. ; Macapagal, M. ; Koller, S.H. ; Amponsah, B. ; Misra, G. ; Kapur, P. ; Trujillo, E.V. ; Balanta, P. ; Ayala, B.C. ; Gallo, I.S. ; Gill, P.P. ; Clemares, R.L. ; Campara, G. ; Jalal, B. / Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. In: Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 24-45.
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abstract = "Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 7,623), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 34 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations, and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.",
author = "E. Owe and V.L. Vignoles and M. Becker and R. Brown and P.B. Smith and S.W. Lee and M. Easterbrook and T. Gadre and X. Zhang and Mirona Gheorghiu and P. Baguma and A. Tatarko and S. Aldhafri and M. Zinkeng and S.J. Schwartz and Y. Shneyderman and J. Villamar and K.H. Mekonnen and C. Regalia and C. Manzi and M. Brambilla and E. Caglar and A. Gavriliuc and M. Martin and Z. Jianxin and S. Lv and R. Fischer and T. Milfont and A. Torres and L. Camino and R. Kreuzbauer and N. Gausel and J. Buitendach and F. Lemos and I. Fritsche and B. Moller and C. Harb and A. Valk and A. Espinosa and J.L. Jaafar and M. Yuki and M.C. Ferreira and P. Chobthamkit and M. Fulop and A. Chybicka and Q. Wang and M.H. Bond and R. Gonzalez and N. Didier and D. Carrasco and M.P. Cadena and S. Lay and R. Gardarsdottir and G. Nizharadze and T. Pyszczynski and P. Kesebir and G. Herman and D. Bourguignon and {De Sauvage}, I. and E. Ozgen and U.E. Guner and N. Yamakoglu and S. Abuhamdeh and M. Macapagal and S.H. Koller and B. Amponsah and G. Misra and P. Kapur and E.V. Trujillo and P. Balanta and B.C. Ayala and I.S. Gallo and P.P. Gill and R.L. Clemares and G. Campara and B. Jalal",
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Owe, E, Vignoles, VL, Becker, M, Brown, R, Smith, PB, Lee, SW, Easterbrook, M, Gadre, T, Zhang, X, Gheorghiu, M, Baguma, P, Tatarko, A, Aldhafri, S, Zinkeng, M, Schwartz, SJ, Shneyderman, Y, Villamar, J, Mekonnen, KH, Regalia, C, Manzi, C, Brambilla, M, Caglar, E, Gavriliuc, A, Martin, M, Jianxin, Z, Lv, S, Fischer, R, Milfont, T, Torres, A, Camino, L, Kreuzbauer, R, Gausel, N, Buitendach, J, Lemos, F, Fritsche, I, Moller, B, Harb, C, Valk, A, Espinosa, A, Jaafar, JL, Yuki, M, Ferreira, MC, Chobthamkit, P, Fulop, M, Chybicka, A, Wang, Q, Bond, MH, Gonzalez, R, Didier, N, Carrasco, D, Cadena, MP, Lay, S, Gardarsdottir, R, Nizharadze, G, Pyszczynski, T, Kesebir, P, Herman, G, Bourguignon, D, De Sauvage, I, Ozgen, E, Guner, UE, Yamakoglu, N, Abuhamdeh, S, Macapagal, M, Koller, SH, Amponsah, B, Misra, G, Kapur, P, Trujillo, EV, Balanta, P, Ayala, BC, Gallo, IS, Gill, PP, Clemares, RL, Campara, G & Jalal, B 2013, 'Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups', Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 24-45. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022111430255

Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. / Owe, E.; Vignoles, V.L.; Becker, M.; Brown, R.; Smith, P.B.; Lee, S.W.; Easterbrook, M.; Gadre, T.; Zhang, X.; Gheorghiu, Mirona; Baguma, P.; Tatarko, A.; Aldhafri, S.; Zinkeng, M.; Schwartz, S.J.; Shneyderman, Y.; Villamar, J.; Mekonnen, K.H.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Caglar, E.; Gavriliuc, A.; Martin, M.; Jianxin, Z.; Lv, S.; Fischer, R.; Milfont, T.; Torres, A.; Camino, L.; Kreuzbauer, R.; Gausel, N.; Buitendach, J.; Lemos, F.; Fritsche, I.; Moller, B.; Harb, C.; Valk, A.; Espinosa, A.; Jaafar, J.L.; Yuki, M.; Ferreira, M.C.; Chobthamkit, P.; Fulop, M.; Chybicka, A.; Wang, Q.; Bond, M.H.; Gonzalez, R.; Didier, N.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M.P.; Lay, S.; Gardarsdottir, R.; Nizharadze, G.; Pyszczynski, T.; Kesebir, P.; Herman, G.; Bourguignon, D.; De Sauvage, I.; Ozgen, E.; Guner, U.E.; Yamakoglu, N.; Abuhamdeh, S.; Macapagal, M.; Koller, S.H.; Amponsah, B.; Misra, G.; Kapur, P.; Trujillo, E.V.; Balanta, P.; Ayala, B.C.; Gallo, I.S.; Gill, P.P.; Clemares, R.L.; Campara, G.; Jalal, B.

In: Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2013, p. 24-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups

AU - Owe, E.

AU - Vignoles, V.L.

AU - Becker, M.

AU - Brown, R.

AU - Smith, P.B.

AU - Lee, S.W.

AU - Easterbrook, M.

AU - Gadre, T.

AU - Zhang, X.

AU - Gheorghiu, Mirona

AU - Baguma, P.

AU - Tatarko, A.

AU - Aldhafri, S.

AU - Zinkeng, M.

AU - Schwartz, S.J.

AU - Shneyderman, Y.

AU - Villamar, J.

AU - Mekonnen, K.H.

AU - Regalia, C.

AU - Manzi, C.

AU - Brambilla, M.

AU - Caglar, E.

AU - Gavriliuc, A.

AU - Martin, M.

AU - Jianxin, Z.

AU - Lv, S.

AU - Fischer, R.

AU - Milfont, T.

AU - Torres, A.

AU - Camino, L.

AU - Kreuzbauer, R.

AU - Gausel, N.

AU - Buitendach, J.

AU - Lemos, F.

AU - Fritsche, I.

AU - Moller, B.

AU - Harb, C.

AU - Valk, A.

AU - Espinosa, A.

AU - Jaafar, J.L.

AU - Yuki, M.

AU - Ferreira, M.C.

AU - Chobthamkit, P.

AU - Fulop, M.

AU - Chybicka, A.

AU - Wang, Q.

AU - Bond, M.H.

AU - Gonzalez, R.

AU - Didier, N.

AU - Carrasco, D.

AU - Cadena, M.P.

AU - Lay, S.

AU - Gardarsdottir, R.

AU - Nizharadze, G.

AU - Pyszczynski, T.

AU - Kesebir, P.

AU - Herman, G.

AU - Bourguignon, D.

AU - De Sauvage, I.

AU - Ozgen, E.

AU - Guner, U.E.

AU - Yamakoglu, N.

AU - Abuhamdeh, S.

AU - Macapagal, M.

AU - Koller, S.H.

AU - Amponsah, B.

AU - Misra, G.

AU - Kapur, P.

AU - Trujillo, E.V.

AU - Balanta, P.

AU - Ayala, B.C.

AU - Gallo, I.S.

AU - Gill, P.P.

AU - Clemares, R.L.

AU - Campara, G.

AU - Jalal, B.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 7,623), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 34 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations, and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.

AB - Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 7,623), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 34 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations, and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.

U2 - 10.1177/0022022111430255

DO - 10.1177/0022022111430255

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 24

EP - 45

JO - Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

IS - 1

ER -