Controlling Surface Topology and Functionality of Electrospun Fibers on the Nanoscale using Amphiphilic Block Copolymers To Direct Mesenchymal Progenitor Cell Adhesion

Priyalakshimi Viswanathan, Efrosyni Themistou, Kamolchanok Ngamkham, Gwendolen C. Reilly, Steven P Armes, Giuseppe Battaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface patterning in three dimensions is of great importance in biomaterials design for controlling cell behavior. A facile one-step functionalization of biodegradable PDLLA fibers using amphiphilic diblock copolymers is demonstrated here to systematically vary the fiber surface composition. The copolymers comprise a hydrophilic poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate] (POEGMA), poly[(2-methacryloyloxy)ethyl phosphorylcholine] (PMPC), or poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)] (PDMAEMA) block and a hydrophobic poly(l-lactide) (PLA) block. The block copolymer-modified fibers have increased surface hydrophilicity compared to that of PDLLA fibers. Mixtures of PLAPMPC and PLAPOEGMA copolymers are utilized to exploit microphase separation of the incompatible hydrophilic PMPC and POEGMA blocks at the fiber surface. Conjugation of an RGD cell-adhesive peptide to one hydrophilic block (POEGMA) using thiol-ene chemistry produces fibers with domains of cell-adhesive (POEGMA) and cell-inert (PMPC) sites, mimicking the adhesive properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Human mesenchymal progenitor cells (hES-MPs) showed much better adhesion to the fibers with surface-adhesive heterogeneity compared to that to fibers with only adhesive or only inert surface chemistries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-75
Number of pages10
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume16
Issue number1
Early online date17 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

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