Conundrums in the management of febrile infants under three months of age and future research

Helena Wilcox , Etimbuk Umana, Emmanuelle Fauteux-Lamarre , Roberto Velasco, Thomas Waterfield

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Febrile infants under three months of age pose a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Unlike in older children, the rates of invasive bacterial infections (IBIs), such as bacteraemia or meningitis, are high. This greater risk of IBI combined with the practical challenges of assessing young infants results in a cautious approach with many febrile infants receiving parenteral antibiotics “just in case”. However, there is a range of validated tailored care guidelines that support targeted investigation and management of febrile infants, with a cohort identified as lower risk suitable for fewer invasive procedures and observation without parenteral antibiotics. This manuscript outlines five common conundrums related to the safe application of tailored-care guidelines for the assessment and management of febrile infants under three months of age. It also explores future research which aims to further refine the management of febrile infants.
Original languageEnglish
Article number88
Number of pages11
JournalAntibiotics
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2024

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