Cooperative OFDM-IM Relay Networks with Partial Relay Selection under Imperfect CSI

James Crawford, Youngwook Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
213 Downloads (Pure)


In this work, we investigate the performance of cooperative orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with index modulation (OFDM-IM) with the low complexity greedy detection (GD). In particular, we propose a novel partial relay selection (PRS) scheme whose search criteria are designed to exploit the IM sub-carriers. To provide low-complexity receiver, we further examine the energy-sensing based GD design for the cooperative OFDM-IM. For the performance analysis we derive novel upper bound and approximate closed form solutions for both the average index error probability (IEP) and the average symbol error probability (SEP) over Nakagami-m fading channels with imperfect channel state information (CSI) at the relays and destination. Unlike the information theoretical works, in presence of positive detection error in the relays, the derived expressions provide a useful insight into the error performance of cooperative OFDM-IM under various fading conditions. The numerical and simulation results clearly present that the proposed scheme harmonizing partially selected relays and their IM sub-carriers with GD can outperform the benchmark schemes, under uncertain CSI, at reduced complexity.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Early online date06 Jul 2018
Publication statusEarly online date - 06 Jul 2018


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