Correlation between aflatoxin M1content of breast milk, dietary exposure to aflatoxin B1and socioeconomic status of lactating mothers in Ogun State, Nigeria

Oloyede Adejumo, Olusegun Atanda, Assunta Raiola, Yinka Somorin, Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, Alberto Ritieni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aflatoxin M1 (AF M1), a hydroxylated metabolite of AF B1, is an important toxin that can contaminate the milk of lactating mothers. A correlation study was conducted to determine the relationship between AF M1 content of breast milk, dietary exposure to AF B1 and socioeconomic status of lactating mothers in the three Senatorial districts of Ogun State, Nigeria. Equal amounts of breast milk (20 ml) and food rations (40 kg) obtained from 50 volunteer lactating mothers and eighty-two frequently consumed food commodities in the preceding month were used for the study. The level of contamination of the foods by AF B1 was low (0.16-0.33 μg/kg) and differed significantly (p<0.05) across the state but did not exceed the EU limit of 2 μg/kg. The occurrence level of AF B1 was however high (93.75-94.45%) and was more pronounced in Ogun East Senatorial district (94.45%). Eighty-two percent of the breast milk was contaminated with AF M1 (3.49-35 ng/l) and 16% exceeded the EU limit of 25 ng/l while a 100% occurrence risk was recorded in Ogun Central Senatorial district. The socioeconomic status of the mothers also significantly influenced their dietary exposure and exposure risk of the sucklings to AF M1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume56
Early online date24 Feb 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aflatoxin B1
  • Aflatoxin M1
  • Breast milk
  • Diet
  • Lactating mothers

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