This paper presents a modular grid-connected single-phase system based on series-connected current-source module integrated converters (MICs). The modular configuration improves the reliability, redundancy and scalability of photovoltaic (PV) distributed generators. In this system, each PV panel is connected to a dc/ac inverter to permit individual Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) operation for each panel. Thus, the harvested power from the PV system will increase significantly. There are four different inverter topologies suitable to be used as MICs with different performances in terms of filtering elements size, power losses, efficiency, output voltage range, and high frequency transformers' size. For the MPPT control, the oscillating even order harmonic components should be eliminated from the inverter's input side otherwise the maximum power cannot be extracted. The proposed modulation scheme in this paper will ease the control of inverter's input and output sides. Therefore, the 2nd order harmonic in the input current can be eliminated without adding new active semiconductor switches. A repetitive controller coupled with proportional-resonant controllers are employed to achieve accurate tracking for grid side as well as input side currents. Comparisons and performance evaluations for the proposed MICs are presented and validated with 1 kVA prototype controlled by TMS320F29335 DSP.
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- cuk converter
- photovoltaic generation
- power decoupling
- sepic converter