DC electrical conductivity measurements of warm dense matter using ultrafast THz radiation

B. K. Ofori-Okai, A. Descamps, E. E. McBride, M. Z. Mo, A. Weinmann, L. E. Seipp, S. J. Ali, Z. Chen, L. B. Fletcher, S. H. Glenzer

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Abstract

We describe measurements of the DC electrical conductivity of warm dense matter using ultrafast terahertz (THz) pulses. THz fields are sufficiently slowly varying that they behave like DC fields on the timescale of electron–electron and electron–ion interactions and hence probe DC-like responses. Using a novel single-shot electro-optic sampling technique, the electrical conductivity of the laser-generated warm dense matter was determined with <1 ps temporal resolution. We present the details of the single-shot THz detection methodology as well as considerations for warm dense matter experiments. We, then, provide proof-of-concept studies on aluminum driven to the warm dense matter regime through isochoric heating and shock compression. Our results indicate a decrease in the conductivity when driven to warm dense matter conditions and provide a platform for future warm dense matter studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number042711
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2024

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