This paper presents a dc-to-dc converter, which offers continuous input and output energy flow and low input current ripple, applicable and mandatory for photovoltaic (PV) arrays and maximum power tracking applications. The PV array yields exponential curves for current and voltage where maximum power occurs at the curve's mutual knee. Conventional dc-to-dc converters have a relatively high input current ripple which causes high power losses when connected to nonlinear sources like PV arrays. The proposed converter maximizes the power that can be sourced from the PV array, without the need of any electrolytic filtering capacitance. The effect of current ripple can be significant and decreases PV system efficiency. Converter simulations and experimental results support and extol the system concept.
Elkhateb, A., Rahim, N. A., Selvaraj, J., & Williams, B. W. (2015). DC-to-DC Converter with Low Input Current Ripple for Maximum Photovoltaic Power Extraction. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 62(4), 2246-2256. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2014.2383999