Decision making in child protection: An international comparative study on maltreatment substantiation, risk assessment and interventions recommendations, and the role of professionals’ child welfare attitudes

Rami Benbenishty, Bilha Davidson-Arad, Monica Lopez, John Devaney, Trevor Spratt, Carien Koopmans, Erik J. Knorth, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Jorge F. Del Valle, David Hayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)
1869 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Child welfare professionals regularly make crucial decisions that have a significant impact on children and their families. The present study presents the Judgments and Decision Processes in Context model (JUDPIC) and uses it to examine the relationships between three indepndent domains: case characteristic (mother’s wish with regard to removal), practitioner characteristic (child welfare attitudes), and protective system context (four countries: Israel, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland and Spain); and three dependent factors: substantiation of maltreatment, risk assessment, and intervention recommendation.
The sample consisted of 828 practitioners from four countries. Participants were presented with a vignette of a case of alleged child maltreatment and were asked to determine whether maltreatment was substantiated, assess risk and recommend an intervention using structured instruments. Participants’ child welfare attitudes were assessed.
The case characteristic of mother’s wish with regard to removal had no impact on judgments and decisions. In contrast, practitioners’ child welfare attitudes were associated with substantiation, risk assessments and recommendations. There were significant country differences on most measures.
The findings support most of the predictions derived from the JUDPIC model. The significant differences between practitioners from different countries underscore the importance of context in child protection decision making. Training should enhance practitioners’ awareness of the impact that their attitudes and the context in which they are embedded have on their judgments and decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-75
Number of pages13
JournalChild abuse & neglect
Volume49
Early online date29 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Decision-making, assessment, professional judgment, protective services, comparative study, child abuse and neglect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Administration

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