Folate and vitamin B-6 act in generating methyl groups for homocysteine remethylation, but the kinetic effects of folate or vitamin B-6 deficiency are not known. We used an intravenous primed, constant infusion of stable isotope-labeled serine, methionine, and leucine to investigate one-carbon metabolism in healthy control (n = 5), folate-deficient (n = 4), and vitamin B-6-deficient (n = 5) human subjects. The plasma homocysteine concentration in folate-deficient subjects [15.9 +/-2.1 (SD) mu mol/l] was approximately two times that of control (7.4 +/-1.7 mmol/l) and vitamin B-6-deficient (7.7 +/-2.1 mmol/l) subjects. The rate of methionine synthesis by homocysteine remethylation was depressed (P = 0.027) in folate deficiency but not in vitamin B-6 deficiency. For all subjects, the homocysteine remethylation rate was not significantly associated with plasma homocysteine concentration (r = -0.44, P = 0.12). The fractional synthesis rate of homocysteine from methionine was positively correlated with plasma homocysteine concentration (r = 0.60, P = 0.031), and a model incorporating both homocysteine remethylation and synthesis rates closely predicted plasma homocysteine levels (r = 0.85, P = 0.0015). Rates of homocysteine remethylation and serine synthesis were inversely correlated (r = -0.89, P < 0.001). These studies demonstrate distinctly different metabolic consequences of vitamin B-6 and folate deficiencies.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2001|