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characteristics, substitutes, and individual’s characteristics, including their opportunity cost of time. Using compensating variation, we assess the economic benefits of walking and how walking behaviour is affected by improvements to the neighbourhood. Using a sample of 1,209 respondents surveyed over a 12 month period (Feb 2010‐Jan 2011) in East Belfast, United Kingdom, we find that a policy that increased walkability and people’s perception of access to shops and facilities would lead to an increase in walking of about 36 minutes/person/week, valued at £13.65/person/week. When focusing on inactive residents, a policy that improved the walkability of the area would lead to guidelines for physical activity being reached by only 12.8% of the population who are currently inactive. Additional interventions would therefore be needed to encourage inactive residents to
achieve the recommended levels of physical activity, as it appears that interventions that improve the walkability of an area are particularly effective in increasing walking among already active citizens, and, among the inactive ones, the best response is found among healthier, younger and wealthier citizens.
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Kee, F., Cantwell, M., Clarke, M., Coleman, H., Connolly, P., Cupples, M., Donnelly, M., French, D., Hutchinson, G., Kouvonen, A., Longo, A., Marshall, A., McCann, J., McKinley, M., Moore, M., Murray, L., O'Reilly, D., Patterson, C., Tully, M., Woodside, J. & Young, I.
01/08/2012 → …