Density functional calculations have been performed for ring isomers of sulfur with up to 18 atoms, and for chains with up to ten atoms. There are many isomers of both types, and the calculations predict the existence of new forms. Larger rings and chains are very flexible, with numerous local energy minima. Apart from a small, but consistent overestimate in the bond lengths, the results reproduce experimental structures where known. Calculations are also performed on the energy surfaces of S8 rings, on the interaction between a pair of such rings, and the reaction between one S8 ring and the triplet diradical S8 chain. The results for potential energies, vibrational frequencies, and reaction mechanisms in sulfur rings and chains provide essential ingredients for Monte Carlo simulations of the liquid–liquid phase transition. The results of these simulations will be presented in Part II.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
Jones, R. O., & Ballone, P. (2004). Density functional and Monte Carlo studies of sulfur. I. Structure and bonding in S-n rings and chains (n=2-18) (vol 118, pg 9257, 2003). Journal of Chemical Physics, 121(20), 7535-7535. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1568081