Design and measurement of reconfigurable millileter wave reflectarray cells with nematic liquid crystal

W. Hu, Robert Cahill, J.A. Encinar, Raymond Dickie, Harold Gamble, Vincent Fusco, N. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerical simulations are used to study the electromagnetic scattering from phase agile microstrip reflectarray cells which exploit the voltage controlled dielectric anisotropy property of nematic state liquid crystals (LC). In the computer model two arrays of equal size elements constructed on a 15?m thick tuneable LC layer were designed to operate at centre frequencies of 102 GHz and 130 GHz. Micromachining processes based on the metallization of quartz/silicon wafers and an industry compatible LCD packaging technique were employed to fabricate the grounded periodic structures. The loss and phase of the reflected signals were measured using a quasi-optical test bench with the reflectarray cells inserted at the beam waist of the imaged Gaussian beam, thus eliminating some of the major problems associated with traditional free-space characterisation at these frequencies. By applying a low frequency AC bias voltage of 10 V, a 165o phase shift with a loss 4.5 dB-6.4 dB at 102 GHz and 130o phase shift with a loss variation between 4.3 dB – 7 dB at 130 GHz was obtained. The experimental results are shown to be in close agreement with the computer model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3112-3117
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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