Design of a cavity backed spiral antenna with improved pattern symmetry

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the azimuthal pattern symmetry of an Archimedean spiral antenna which is designed to operate over the frequency range 3-10 GHz. The performance of the spiral in free space is compared with a structure that is backed by a perfect electric conductor with a separation distance of ?/4 at the operating frequencies. The latter arrangement exhibits a higher gain, however it is observed that the radiation patterns are less symmetrical about boresight and this performance degradation increases with frequency. The predicted 3 dB beamwidth difference is shown to vary between 14° (3 GHz) and 51° (10 GHz). An improved antenna design is described which reduces the pattern asymmetry to ˜ 2° at 10 GHz. The reduction in modal contamination is obtained by inserting slots carefully arranged in a radial pattern to disrupt the surface currents that flow on the ground plane of the antenna
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAntennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2013 7th European Conference on
Place of PublicationGothenburg
Pages3963-3967
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-907018-1-8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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    Mohamad, S., Cahill, R., & Fusco, V. (2013). Design of a cavity backed spiral antenna with improved pattern symmetry. In Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2013 7th European Conference on (pp. 3963-3967).