Inhibitors of Gly transporter type-1 (GlyT1) for the treatment of schizophrenia have been pursued on the basis of the NMDA receptor (R) hypofunction hypothesis, which stems largely from the observation that NMDAR antagonists induce symptoms that more closely mimic those characteristic of schizophrenia than do other classes of psychotic agents. GlyT1 is responsible for uptake of synaptic Gly, an NMDAR co-agonist amino acid, in neuronal populations throughout the forebrain. GlyT1 inhibition thereby potentiates NMDAR activity by increasing synaptic Gly levels. Correspondingly, a large body of data suggests that GlyT1 inhibitors likely confer more comprehensive symptom alleviation than current antipsychotics. To date, a number of small-molecule GlyT1 inhibitors have been reported by the pharmaceutical industry. Developments in the discovery and characterization of GlyT1 inhibitors are discussed in this review.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Current opinion in molecular therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery