Design, optimisation and characterisation of polymeric microneedle arrays prepared by a novel laser-based micromoulding technique.

Ryan Donnelly, Rita Majithiya, Desmond Morrow, Martin Garland, Raj Singh Thakur, David Woolfson, Christopher Scott, Yusuf Demir, D. Gillen, E. Ryan, K. Migalska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

238 Citations (Scopus)


Design and evaluation of a novel laser-based method for micromoulding of microneedle arrays from polymeric materials under ambient conditions. The aim of this study was to optimise polymeric composition and assess the performance of microneedle devices that possess different geometries.
A range of microneedle geometries was engineered into silicone micromoulds, and their physicochemical features were subsequently characterised.
Microneedles micromoulded from 20% w/w aqueous blends of the mucoadhesive copolymer Gantrez® AN-139 were surprisingly found to possess superior physical strength than those produced from commonly used pharma polymers. Gantrez® AN-139 microneedles, 600 µm and 900 µm in height, penetrated neonatal porcine skin with low application forces (>0.03 N per microneedle). When theophylline was loaded into 600 µm microneedles, 83% of the incorporated drug was delivered across neonatal porcine skin over 24 h. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed that drug-free 600 µm Gantrez® AN-139 microneedles punctured the stratum corneum barrier of human skin in vivo and extended approximately 460 µm into the skin. However, the entirety of the microneedle lengths was not inserted.
In this study, we have shown that a novel laser engineering method can be used in micromoulding of polymeric microneedle arrays. We are currently carrying out an extensive OCT-informed study investigating the influence of microneedle array geometry on skin penetration depth, with a view to enhanced transdermal drug delivery from optimised laser-engineered Gantrez® AN-139 microneedles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-57
Number of pages17
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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