Designing enhanced pedagogy based on Basil Bernstein's code theory

Tien Hui Chiang*, Allen Thurston

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Drawing on Bernstein's code theory, this article sets out to formulate a logical model of enhanced pedagogy addressing the logic of acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes to learning required to improve lower socio-economic status (SES) students’ learning outcomes in academic subjects. In order to achieve this goal, constructive suggestions from related studies are analyzed and incorporated into a model that consists of a circle of six stages, comprised of core concept, explanation, information infusion, presentation, evaluation, and lexical expansion. Ultimately, this model aims to advance students’ reasoning ability by transforming their coding orientation to school knowledge from condensed to elaborated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101914
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
Early online date27 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Basil Bernstein
  • Classification
  • Enhanced pedagogy
  • Framing
  • Rules of recognition and realization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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