Detailed validation of an automotive catalysis model using spatially resolved measurements within the catalyst substrate

Jonathan Stewart, Roy Douglas, Alexandre Goguet, Cristina Stere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many kinetic models have appeared in literature in past decades using two main approaches: the traditional global kinetics approach, or the more complex micro-kinetics approach. Whether global or micro-kinetics, kinetic models have been based on experimental data obtained at the end of the monolith. The experimental procedure using end pipe analysis may give an accurate overview of the reaction mechanisms that occur; however, the lack of information from within the catalyst can ultimately lead to inaccuracies in the kinetic model and parameters used.

Using SpaciMS, a spatially resolved experimental technique developed at the Queen's University Belfast, information from within the catalyst can be obtained. This minimally invasive technique provides detailed information of the gas concentration and temperature profile from inside the catalytic monolith. This paper presents a kinetic model and simulations validated against experimental data obtained from three positions inside the catalyst monolith at 2, 14, and 26 mm in, using data from the SpaciMS. Also, simulations of end pipe analysis, using a commercial reactor, for the CO oxidation are presented and analyzed. The simulations presented are for varying concentrations of both CO and O2 (0.5 % and 1 % CO, 0.5 % and 2 % O2) for both the global and micro-kinetic approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1535-1541
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume92
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

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