DETECTION OF IRRADIATED CHICKEN MEAT BY ANALYSIS OF LIPID EXTRACTS FOR 2-SUBSTITUTED CYCLOBUTANONES USING AN ENZYME-LINKED-IMMUNOSORBENT-ASSAY

Christopher Elliott, Leigh Hamilton, Michael Stevenson, Derek McCaughey, Dennis Boyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The means to detect the irradiation of food has been investigated for many years. In recent times radiolytic products, termed 2-alkylcyclobutanones (2-CBs), have been identified as excellent markers of irradiation in lipid-containing foods. An ELISA test was developed, which was capable of detecting a number of these compounds in irradiated chicken meat. A polyclonal antiserum was raised to a 2-CB containing a terminal carboxyl group conjugated to a carrier protein. This antiserum was highly specific for cyclobutanones containing C-10 and C-12 side chains. During assay validation the limit of detection of the assay was calculated to be 0.064 pg of 2-CB per gram of fat, within- and between-assay variations ranged from 6.7 to 18%. During experimental studies, chicken meat irradiated at doses ranging from 2.5 to 10 kGy were assayed and correctly identified as being treated. Quantitative comparisons between the ELISA and CC-MS revealed a good correlation (r(2) = 0.913) between the two methodologies in concentrations of 2-CB detected in irradiated samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2337-2341
Number of pages5
JournalAnalyst
Volume120
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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